Catch me if you can.
Dear WD: What is a “Catch 22″ and what is its origin? I’ve heard it used many times but still cannot gather what it means even by looking at what the words around it are. — Cassandra Jenkins.
Go ahead, make me feel old. Next you’ll be asking me what “crash pad” means. Actually, I knew I was hopelessly over the hill a few years ago when an inquisitive twentysomething asked me, in dewy-eyed innocence, “Were The Beatles at Woodstock?” Oh yes, absolutely, of course. And so were Benny Goodman, Scott Joplin and that Brahms dude. Incidentally, apropos The Beatles, I’ve been in mild shock ever since I heard recently that Paul McCartney was to be knighted. For what? “An Old Fashioned Love Song”? “Band on the Run”? What are they putting in the water over there?
Onward. I am supposing that your not knowing what “Catch 22″ means is evidence of your relative youth because the phrase is of fairly recent vintage and made quite a splash when it arrived in common usage. “Catch 22″ is the title of a novel published in 1961, written by Joseph Heller and based on his experiences as a World War II bomber pilot in Europe. The central character in “Catch 22″ (which you really ought to read, by the way) is the pilot Yossarian, whose all-too-accurate perception of the futility and insanity of war leads him to seek a psychiatric exemption from flying further combat missions. But Yossarian runs smack into what Heller dubbed “Catch 22″ (“catch” in this sense meaning “snag”). As Heller put it, “There was only one catch, and that was Catch-22…. If he flew them [more missions] he was crazy and didn’t have to; but if he didn’t want to he was sane and had to.”
In inventing “Catch 22,” Joseph Heller had really only given a name to a particularly modern sort of bureaucratic conundrum, defined by the Oxford English Dictionary as “a set of circumstances in which one requirement, etc., is dependent upon another, which is in turn dependent upon the first.” More mundane examples of “Catch 22″ would be needing a driver’s license to get to Motor Vehicles to take your driving test, or my personal favorite, needing to be rich to avoid paying income tax.